Small Ruminants Brucellosis
Situation before 2012
Brucellosis in sheep and goats was present practically all over Albania and had spread from the southern regions to the central and northern parts of the country in the years before 2012. Due to the uncontrolled movement of animals the disease had spread from south towards north and the number of human cases had continued to rise in central and northern regions of Albania. Brucellosis had become a nationwide problem! In 2012 a number of 442 human cases occured.
2012 – First national mass vaccination against Brucellosis in Albania within Project PAZA 1
In such settings, a uniform national disease control programme against brucellosis started in 2012 and the first ever mass vaccination campaign against brucellosis was performed. In 2013, the mass vaccination campaign was repeated. According to the adopted strategy, from 2014 onwards the national brucellosis control programme continued by vaccinating replacement animals, according to the plan developed in the “National Strategy for Control of Brucellosis in Sheep and Goats”.
Sustained approach under PAZA 2 Project – drop of number of human cases
This approach has achieved notable results: number of human cases from 440 in 2011 and 442 in 2012 fall to 144 in 2016 and this could be attributed to the implementation of the vaccination campaign. However, the surveillance efforts by reporting and investigation of abortions remain at low level and should be strengthened.
The apparently unfavorable vaccination coverage, including the risk for spreading of the disease and the limitations of the surveillance system, were the salient factors that influence the decision for the updated national strategy for control of the disease and as a consequence the mass vaccination planned for 2018 will be done already in 2017.
Outlook and future challenges
The conclusions that have already been drawn by the PAZA 1 Project remain in continuation valid: clear policies, strong leadership and increased professional capacity are needed to implement the national Brucellosis control strategy successfully. Three conditions need to be fully respected:
- All vaccinated animals have to be registered
- Strict nationwide movement control of animals
- Diagnostic capacities have to be sustained to meet EU standards.
National Strategy for Control of Brucellosis in Sheep and Goats
Small Ruminants Brucellosis control strategy, describing the full vaccination plan and post-vaccination monitoring. Details about procedures for private and official veterinarians and for CVO as well. Budget and payments requirements, as well as a surveillance plan. Communication plan and raising the awareness about the public health are also included.
Brucellosis in sheep and goats-vaccination of replacement – Action Plan 2014
A summary report about the vaccination campaign against Small Ruminants Brucellosis. It briefly presents the good points, things to improve, human cases, responsibilities of CVO, private and official veterinarians, postvaccinal objectives and some proposals.
Toni Kirandjiski / 27/09/2014 / 3 pages
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Meeting with the PAZA II Field Coordinators to review the brucellosis vaccination campaign in 2015
Report about the findings after discussion with the field coordinators about the Small Ruminants Brucellosis vaccination campaign. The findings include topics as vaccine vials, animals identification, vaccine distribution, coverage of vaccinated villages and flocks etc. It also includes a table which provides a summary of the field visits.
Toni Kirandjiski / 13/08/2015 / 9 pages
Revision of brucellosis in small ruminants situation in Albania
A report giving full information on SR Brucellosis situation, control measures and vaccination until 2012. The new strategy for the control of Brucellosis in sheep and goats. Several tables and graphs displaying the coverage of vaccination, number of vaccinated flocks and farms etc. Also the details about post vaccination monitoring. Includes the Bibliography of activities and reports produced by PAZA about the Small Ruminants Brucellosis (Annex 1).
BRUCELLOSIS IN SMALL RUMINANTS CONTROL PROGRAMME
Outline of the measures to be taken during 2017 and 2018 to improve control of Brucellosis in sheep and goats in Albania. This Programme adapts the measures outlined in the National Strategy to the actual situation and is proposing to do mass vaccination already in 2017 and not in 2018 as originally foreseen in the Nation Strategy.